E-bikes and e-scooters: Lithium-ion batteries 


E-bikes and e-scooters have become increasingly popular over recent years, due to their efficiency and relatively small size. Many people now use them as their main form of transport, with them being seen as eco-friendly, and a better alternative to walking. E-bikes and e-scooters tend to be powered from Lithium-ion batteries – both internal and removable batteries are common. The increased use of e-bikes and e-scooters has come with a corresponding increase in battery fires. This could be, in part, due to lack of knowledge and awareness surrounding Lithium-ion battery safety.

These batteries require care and the avoidance of damage as they could catch fire if mistreated and not maintained. Before purchasing and using e-bikes or e-scooters, it’s essential to consider how to safely charge and maintain Lithium-ion batteries. There are several safety measures that you can implement to help avoid safety issues.


What can happen if the Lithium-ion battery is not properly maintained? 

  • Give off toxic gasses
  • Overheating
  • Catch fire
  • Explode


Lithium-ion battery safety measures

  • Allow the battery to cool before charging
  • Use the correct charger for your battery
  • Always charge on a flat surface where the heat can dissipate
  • Never expose the battery to extreme temperatures
  • Never leave the battery charging unattended
  • Do not charge overnight whilst you sleep
  • Ensure that you unplug the charger after it has charged


Be aware of: 

  • Unusual odours
  • Change in colour
  • Too much heat
  • Change in shape
  • Leaking
  • Not charging


What to do if your battery catches fire? 

  • Evacuate the building immediately
  • Do not try to collect any belongings
  • Do not attempt to fight the fire
  • Call 999



If you experience any issues with your battery, stop charging immediately, and do not use it! 

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